The Persian carpet & rug had a humble beginning, one of necessity,(persian carpet) a protection against the harsh elements for the nomad or tribesman. Persian carpet, the simple woven rug evolved into one of literay expression, depicting that which was important to the weaver or even to record a particular event.The beauty of the Persian rug was not lost on noblemen and kings and soon the art-form progressed to a symbol of wealth and artistic values.
persian carpet, persian rug and kilim, Dating back more than 2500 years the Persians were amongst the first of the ancient civilisations to craft fine decorative rugs. The dedication and artistry put into these rugs have them the reputation of being the best the modern world has to offer. Persian rug designs vary from region to region however many of the rugs feature elements of nature or symbols of something special or sacred to the tribe that wove them.
This could be inspiration from archetecture or religious artifacts, for example many of the central medallions lend their designs from the ceilings and domes of temples and mosques. Others may be of importance to the livelihood of the tribe, hunting scences or motifs symbolising fish, plants, grain and flowers.The Safavid Dynasty (1502-1736), when the art and trade of rug making was heavily encouraged, was important to the development of the Persian rug. Most rugs found in museums today come from this period.Persian rugs are described by the region in which they were woven, most cities and towns have their own distinctive design however many (such as a major carpet weaving centre like Tabriz) create a wide variety of designs.
To look at a Persian carpet is to gaze into a world of artistic magnificence nurtured for more then 2,500 years. The Iranians were among the first carpet weaver of the ancient civilizations and, through centuries of creativity and ingenuity building upon the talents of the past, achieved a unique degree of excellence…The History of Persian Carpet.
A Persian Rug has a wide variety of designs and styles
Although there are several references in the holy books and ancient manuscripts to the first efforts of mankind at weaving, there is no evidence that such references apply to the pile rug.
What little is known of the origins of the pile rug is based on suppositions, nevertheless according to scientific and historical studies, we can assume that pile weaving had a nomadic origin.
Early European researchers believed that the ancient civilizations of Egypt and Assyria were the cradles of carpet weaving in the ancient world. Evidence to support this conclusion was found in the Torah in the chapter of Higira (Emigration of Israel). In a description of tent decoration there is mention of a carpet, and also in the stone columns remaining from Shina Nazares the second, in which the patterns of two carpets are engraved.
These theories are disputed by the discoveries of the well-known Russian archaeologist Professor S.J Rudenko. In 1949, Professor Rudenko began an excavation in Pazyryk (in the Altai Mountains of Siberia). Amidst the frozen tombs, he discovered a piece of pile carpet. This rug, which was thought to be the oldest pile-knotted rug was woven probably at least five centuries BC. the size of the rug is cm. 200 x 183. In the centre there are a few rows of stars with four points, which relates it to various objects excavated in Lorestan (east of Iran).
According to historical references and similarities of design woven into this rug, which resemble those seen in Persepolis, one can relate the weaving to the Achaeminian dynasty. At present this rug is kept in the Leningrad Museum. There are several different suppositions about the origin of this rug.
Professor Rudenko himself believed that the rug was made by the Medes (170 BC-226 AC.)or possibly ancient Parthians. Schurmann, a respected researcher of carpet art, believes that the Pazyryk rug was woven in Azarbaijan (in north west of Iran). Another researcher, Dimond, believes that the Pazyryk contains figures of Assyrian and Achaeminian (330-553 BC.)culture, and that its origin is Iran. Other respected experts have different opinions on the Pazyryk.